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12/1/1994. Air Force Magazine publishes its fourth major article: "If the Enola Gay program is fixed -- and that is a big if -- what about the next exhibition, and the one after that? What about the people who created such a biased exhibit in the first place? What else do they have in mind?" They do not seem to realize that visitors "are not Interested in counterculture morality pageants put on by academic activists."
"Airplanes in the Mist," by John T. Correll []
12/1/1994. Congressmen Sam Johnson, Peter Blute, and Stephen Buyer get explicit: "it is time for Secretary Heyman to act by removing [Harwit] as director."
"Harwit Firing Demanded," World War II Times, December-January 1995 [SFX]
12/12/1994. Correll writes to Robert Beisner of American University concerning correspondence with Burr Bennett: "I wonder if the research that you and your colleagues did on the controversy before declaring your flamboyant opinion was any example of the care and scholarship you give to researching other matters."
12/13/1994. Seven Congressmen write Heyman expressing "deep displeasure": "there is no excuse for an exhibit which addresses one of the most morally unambiguous events of the 20th century to need five revisions."
Heyman responds Jan 4: "I am confident that this ongoing dialogue will result in an exhibition that is historically accurate, balanced and informative and will recognize the veterans who so honorably served their country." [PDF]
12/15/1994. In the Dec 28 letter, Correll mentions a meeting with NASM today.
12/15/1994. Harwit meets with the Physicians for Social Responsibility who make recommendations to restore balance in the exhibit: "As it now stands, the display takes a one-sided, dehumanized, and somewhat celebratory tone unsuited to the National Air and Space Museum. . . . The NASM must make a formal commitment to mount an exhibit on the post-war nuclear arms race, its environmental and health consequences, and opposition to it that has led to various attempts to control, limit and now reduce nuclear arms."
12/19/1994. Congressman Johnson questions Japan's involvement: "it is ironic that . . . every effort has been made to accommodate the Japanese and their views."
12/28/1994. Correll writes to NASM curator Tom Alison critiquing "War in the Pacific" as the new introductory unit to the exhibit.
Col. Tom Alison, USAF, Ret. []
12/1994. Sampling of coverage in December by major media.
"Japan Was Anticipating Annihilation," by Wendell Phillippi, World War II Times, December-January 1995. "Historians and the younger generations have literally shot the hell out of our observances of the deadliest war of all time." [SFX]
"Pass More Ammunition, Folks," by Elbert l. Watson, World War II Times, December-January 1995, 2. "Harwit . . . has long since worn out his value." [SFX]
"A War of Words over World War II," by David J. Smollar, San Diego Union Tribune, 12/01/94, B11. "Let the Smithsonian listen to the voices of those who fought, and not those who would rewrite history to place the legacy of those who fought into a specific ideological camp." [SFX]
"Japan, Smithsonian Fail at Apologizing for, Interpreting WW II," by Robert E. Siegrist, Potomac News, 12/04, 94, A11. " . . . the idiocy of the thought process of the flower-child-era-indoctrinated revisionists." [SFX]
"Japan Protests U.S. Stamp on A-Bombs," by Andrew Pollack, New York Times, 12/04/94, 25. "A mushroom cloud is called 'heartless.'" [SFX]
"Monuments to Vulgar Patriotism," by Richard Grenier, Washington Times, 12/05/94, A23. "But the sophisticated Mr. Heyman would feel uneasy teaching this [soldiers rejoicing that they were going to live]. Too celebratory. Too patriotic." [SFX]
"Seeking the Survivors: Japanese Museum Asks Hiroshima Victims for Views on Exhibit Here," by Eugene L. Meyer and Eric Brace, Washington Post, 12/05/94 B7. Museum officials say they want to hear from surviviors before making a decision. [SFX]
"A-bomb Exhibit Still under Fire," by Andrea Stone, USA Today, 12/06/94, 3A. Historian Kai Bird says, "It's extremely reminiscent of the McCarthy period." [SFX]
"Japan Still Trying to Distort WWII HIstory," Joan Beck, Jacksonville Daily News, 12/12/94. "The blame for [the bomb's] hellish destruction must lie not so much with those who used the bomb as with those who created the situation in which it seemed the lesser of two evils." [SFX]
"More Turbulence for Enola Gay: Peace Activists Disappointed after Smithsonian Meeting," by Eugene L. Meyer, Washington Post, 12/16/94, F1. Critics decry "political censorship." [SFX]
"Incoming GOP Congress Should Shake Some Cages at Smithsonian," Tampa Tribune, 12/16/94, 18. "The Smithsonian Institution's museums are a national treasure, but they are being tarnished by smug political elitists with an aversion to American culture and a disdain for long-stipulated values." [SFX]
"Smithsonian Goes Awry on World War II," Asheville Citizen-Times, 12/21/94. "The United States did not trigger the war. And whatever means America used to end the carnage and save American lives were justified. That's what the Smithsonian should say about the Enola Gay." [SFX]
"Without Trial Lawyers, the Common Man Has No Rights at Law," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 12/22/94, C3. Last letter in the section: "You have to go back to 1945. . . . I was 13. . . . My brother's friend killed in action . . . ." [SFX]
"Atomic-bomb Cartoon Shows Steve Benson's Warped Mind," Arizona Republic, 12/24/94. Letter about an editorial cartoon: [The dropping of the bomb] was not a haphazard murderous undertaking . . . but a well-thought-out military action to shorten the war and save lives. It did just that, mine included." [SFX]