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VII. In order to reestablish peace on solid and durable foundations, and to remove for ever all subject of dispute with regard to the limits of the British and French territories on the continent of America; it is agreed, that, for the future, the confines between the dominions of his Britannick Majesty and those of his Most Christian Majesty, in that part of the world, shall be fixed irrevocably by a line drawn along the middle of the River Mississippi, from its source to the river Iberville, and from thence, by a line drawn along the middle of this river, and the lakes Maurepas and Pontchartrain to the sea; and for this purpose, the Most Christian King cedes in full right, and guaranties to his Britannick Majesty the river and port of the Mobile, and every thing which he possesses, or ought to possess, on the left side of the river Mississippi, except the town of New Orleans and the island in which it is situated, which shall remain to France, provided that the navigation of the river Mississippi shall be equally free, as well to the subjects of Great Britain as to those of France.
Pursuant to the Treaty, the British took possession of the French forts at Kaskaskia and Vincennes. The Johnson v. M'Intosh decision would later cite the Treaty in support of the dual-title principle, in that both England and France had claimed western lands in possession of the Indians:
Great Britain, on her part, surrendered to France all her pretensions to the country west of the Mississippi. It has never been supposed that she surrendered nothing, although she was not in actual possession of a foot of land. She surrendered all right to acquire the country; and any after attempt to purchase it from the Indian, would have been considered and treated as an invasion of the territories of France.
without the Crown's permission. The text of this Proclamation can be found at: <http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/proc1763.htm>
<http://laws.findlaw.com/us/10/87.html> [Display Quote]
<http://www.utulsa.edu/law/classes/rice/USSCT_Cases/JOHNSON_V_MCINTOSH_1823.HTM> (see essay by Patricia Engle) [Display Quote]