Reel American HistoryHistory on trial Main Page

AboutFilmsFor StudentsFor TeachersBibliographyResources

Films >> Heaven's Gate (1980) >>

"The American West." History Now 9 (September 2006). An overview plus sections on the myth of the the frontier, Indians, the Great Plains, and women.

Annals of Wyoming. Cheyenne: Published by the Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department. 1965.

Associated Press. "Wyomingites Still Haven't Forgotten The Infamous Johnson County War." Rocky Mountain News 12 Apr 1992.

Atherton, Lewis. The Cattle King. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1961.

Atkinson, Michael. Film. Village Voice 28 Sept. 2004.

Baber, D.F. The Longest Rope: The Truth about the Johnson County Cattle War as told by Bill Walker. Caldwell: Caxton Printers Ltd., 1940.

Bach, Steven. "Once upon a Time in the West. American Film: a Journal of the Film and Television Arts 10 Jul/Aug 1985: 46-51.

Bach, Steven. Final Cut: Dreams and Disaster in the Making of Heaven's Gate. New York: W. Morrow, 1985.

Belgrad, Daniel. "'Power's Larger Meaning': The Johnson County War as Political Violence in an Environmental Context. " Western Historical Quarterly 33. 2 (2002): 159-77.

Biography of Mike Shonsey, an SGA hireling

Bliss, Michael. Martin Scorsese and Michael Cimino. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1985.

Brown, Richard Maxwell. "Western Violence: Structure, Values, Myth." Western Historical Quarterly 24.1 (1993): 5-20.

Burns, Mickey. "'Heaven's Gate' Takes a Swing: Slamming the Capitalist Patriarchy." Cineaction n46 (1998): 48-55.

Burroughs, John Rolfe. Guardian of the Grasslands: The First Hundred Years of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association. Cheyenne: Pioneer Printing and Stationary Co., 1971.

Calder, Jenni. There Must Be a Long Ranger: The American West in Film and in Reality. New York: Taplinger Pub. Co., 1975.

Cameron, Shelley. "Last of the big time westerns." Reel Movie Critic.

Canby Vincent. Rev. of Heaven's Gate, dir. by Michael Cimino. New York Times 19 Nov. 1980.

Carlson, Chip. Tom Horn: Blood on the Moon: Dark History of the Murderous Cattle Detective. Glendo: High Plains Press, 2001.

Champion, Nathan D. The Cattle Barons' Rebellion against Law and Order; First Eyewitness Accounts of the Johnson County War in Wyoming, 1892. [1892] Evanston: Branding Iron Press, 1955.

Chapel, Charles Edward. Guns of the Old West: An Illustrated Guide. New York: Courier Dover Publications, 2002.

Clarke, Roger. Story Of The Scene: The Inside Scoop on Famous Moments in Film. London: Methuen, 2009.

David, Robert B. Malcolm Campbell, Sheriff. Casper: Wyomingana, Inc., 1932.

Davidson, Levette J. "A Ballad of the Wyoming ‘Rustler War.'" Western Folklore. 6.2 (1947): 115-18.

Davis, William C. The American Frontier: Pioneers, Settlers, and Cowboys 1800-1899. London: Salamander Books, 2005.

DeArment, Robert. Alias Frank Canton. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1996.

"Debellier Goes Mad." New York Times 8 Jul 1892: 1.

Denby, David. "Movies: can 'Heaven's Gate' be born again?" New York Magazine 13 Dec. 1980: 82-85.

Ebert, Roger. Heaven's Gate. Chicago Sun Times 1 Jan. 1981.

Filipski, Kevin. "The Second Life of Heaven's Gate." New York Times 9 Apr 2000.

Final Cut: The Making and Unmaking of Heaven's Gate (2004)

Flagg, Oscar H. A review of the cattle business in Johnson County, Wyoming, since 1882, and the Causes That Led to the Recent Invasion. Cheyenne: Vic Press, 1967.

Gage, Jack R. The Johnson County War Ain't a Pack of Lies: The Rustlers' Side/The Johnson County War Is a Pack of Lies: The Barons' Side. Cheyenne: Flintock Publishing Co., 1967.

Gard, Wayne. Frontier Justice. (1949)

Godfrey, Marjorie and Susan Willoughby. The American West: Assessment and Resources Pack-Foundation Edition. New York: Heinemann, 1996.

Gomber, Drew. "The Ballad of Nick and Nate." Ruidoso News 1 Dec 2006.

Gould, Lewis L. Wyoming: A Political History, 1868-1896. New Haven: Yale UP, 1968.

Gould, Lewis L. "Willis van Devanter and the Johnson County War." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 17.4 (1967): 18-27.

Greene, Naomi. "Coppola, Cimino: The Operatics of History." Film Quarterly 38.2 (1984-1985): 28-37.

Hall, Phil. "Heaven's Gate." Film Threat: Truth in Entertainmen 7 Oct. 2004.

Hanson, Margaret Brock, ed. Powder River Country, The Papers of J. Elmer Brock. Cheyenne: Frontier Printing, Inc, 1981.

Harmetz, Aljean. "How a Film Studio Died Outside of ‘Heavens's Gate.'" New York Times 31 Jul 1985: C15.

Heald, George D. Wyoming Flames of '92: Official Communications During the Johnson County Cattle War. Oshoto, 1974.

Heaven's Gate Issue" of American Cinematographer (Los Angeles), November 1980.?

Heaven's Gate clip: Champion loves Ella

Heaven's Gate clip: Champion and Averill Fight Over Ella

Heaven's Gate clip: The Cavalry Breaks up the Final Battle

Heaven's Gate clip: The Famous Roller Skating Scene

Heaven's Gate clip: The Final Scene, Back East

Heaven's Gate clip: The Plight of the Immigrants

Heaven's Gate Trailer

"Heaven's Gate." Time Out Film Guide.

Heilman, Jeremy. "Heaven's Gate. 25 Mar. 2002.

Hewitt, William L. "The ‘Cowboyification' of Wyoming Agriculture." Agricultural History 76.2 (2002): 481-94.

Horn, Tom. Life of Tom Horn, Government Scout and Interpreter, Written by Himself. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1964.

Hough, Emerson. The Story of the Cowboy. New York: Appleton, 1897.

Inventory of the Johnson County War Collection: 1884-1893

Johnson County War: From Wyoming Tales and Trails

Johnson, Marilynn S. Violence in the West: The Johnson County Range War and the Ludlow Massacre. A Brief History with Documents. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009.

Krakel, Dean F. The Saga of Tom Horn: The Story of a Cattleman's War. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1988.

Kroll, Jack. "Heaven Can Wait." Film Comment 17 Jan/Feb 1981: 58-59.

LeDoux, Chris, and Garth Brooks. "Johnson County War." American Cowboy. Liberty Records, 1994.

Ledoux, Chris. "Johnson County War."

Legends of America: A Travel Site for the Nostalgic and Historic Minded: Wyoming Legends: Johnson County War

Lindroth, James R. "The Subjective Insert: Tradition And Memory in Two Contemporary Films." Perspectives On Contemporary Literature 9.(1983): 114-23.

Lindroth, James. "From Natty to Cymbeline: Allusions in Cimino's 'Heaven's Gate.'" Literature/Film Quarterly 17.4 (1989): 224-30.

Lindsey, Robert. "'Heaven's Gate' Accents Studios' Woes." New York Times 6 Jan 1981: C9.

Lubow, Arthur. "Crimson Reds." Rev. of Heaven's Gate, dir. by Michael Cimino. Threepenny Review 10 (Summer 1982): 19-20.

Manfred, Frederick. Riders of Judgement. New York: Random House, 1957.

Maslin, Judith. "Film view: Tales of Hollywood Are Incredible but True." New York Times 28 July 1985: 15-16.

McCabe, Bruce. Rev. of Heaven's Gate, dir. Michael Cimino. Boston Globe 3 May 1981.

McElrath, Frances. The Rustler: A Tale of Love and War in Wyoming. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1902.

McFerrin, Randy. "High Noon on the Western Range: A Property Rights Analysis of the Johnson County War." Journal of Economic History 67.1 (2007): 69-93.

McGee, Patrick. "The Multitude at Heaven's Gate." From Shane to Kill Bill. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. 216-34.

Mercer, A.S. The Banditti of the Plains, or, The Cattlemen's Invasion of Wyoming in 1892. Cheyenne: A.S. Mercer, 1894.

Mercer, Asa Shin. The Banditti of the Plains or the Cattlemen's Invasion of Wyoming in 1892. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1976.

Meschter, Daniel Y. Sweetwater Sunset: A History of the Lynching of James Averell and Ella Watson near Independence Rock, Wyoming, on July 20, 1889. Wenatchee: D. Y. Meschter, 1996.

Murray, William. "Failure of an Epic." New York Times 28 July 1985: 7.7.

O'Neal, Bill. The Johnson County War. Austin: Eakin Press, 2004.

Osgood, Ernest Staples. The Day of the Cattleman. [1929] Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1957.

Prial, Frank J. "'Heaven's Gate' Tries Again at Cannes." New York Times 21 May 1981: C25.

Prince, Stephen. American Cinema of the 1980s: Themes and Variations. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2007.

Pym, John. "Almost Anarchy: Afterthoughts on Heaven's Gate." Sight and Sound 51.1 (1981-1982): 20-24.

Queenan, Joe. "From Hell." The Guardian. 12 Mar 2008.

Raine, William MacLeod. Wyoming: A Story of the Outdoor West. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1907.

Rollins, Peter C. The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Sandoz, Mari Cattlemen. (1958)

Sarris, Andrew. "Films in focus: Cimino: from colossal to titanic." Village Voice 25 Nov 1980: 45.

Schaefer, Jack. Shane. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1949.

Schubert, Frank N. "The Suggs Affray: The Black Cavalry in the Johnson County War." Western Historical Quarterly 4.1 (1973): 57-68.

Slotkin, Richard. Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-century America. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1998.

Smith, Helena Huntington. The War on Powder River. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1966.

Vendettas: Johnson County Cattle War. A&E Home Video, 2002.

Wells, J. "Heaven's Gate." Films in Review 30 Jan 1981: 55-56.

Westerbeck, C.L., Jr. "Screen: giving it the gate: Cimino's 'Heaven' bites the dust." Commonweal 19 Dec. 1980: 724-25.

Wilkie, David. "The Ballad of Nate Champion."

Wister, Owen. The Virginian.

Wister, Owen. The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains. New York: Macmillan, 1902.

Wood, Robin. "Michael Cimino." Film Reference.

Wood, Robin. "Two films by Michael Cimino." Hollywood from Vietnam to Reagan -- and Beyond. [1986] New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Woolland, Brian. "Class Frontiers: The View through Heaven's Gate." The Book of Westerns. Ed. Ian Cameron and Douglas Pye. New York: Continuum, 1995. 277-83.

Wyoming Mercantile & The Book Ranch: The Johnson County War

Wyoming Tales and Trails featuring Photographs and History of Old Wyoming