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Films >> Otra Conquista, La (The Other Conquest) (1998) >>

Anonymous Conqueror, Narrative of Some Things of New Spain and of the Great City of Temestitan, México.

The Arguments of Las Casas

The Arguments of Sepulveda

Arias, Santa, and Eyda M.Merediz. Approaches to Teaching the Writings of Bartolomé de Las Casas. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2008.

Arnold, Philip P. Eating Landscape: Aztec and European Occupation of Tlalocan. Niwot: UP of Colorado, 1999.

Aztec Sacrifice. Post-Conquest Nahua Painting, c. 1560

Bain, Don. "The Other Conquest examines the consequences of empire." La Voz Nueva [Denver] 17 October 2007: 8-11.

Barnes, Michael. "With recent films, New World grows old." Austin American-Statesman 11 May 2007.

Bartolome de Las Casas: Protector of the Indians

Basilica de Santa Maria de Guadalupe

Basilica of Guadalupe

Beck, Lauren. "Illustrating the Conquest in the Long Eighteenth Century: Theodore de Bry and His Legacy." Book Illustration in the Long Eighteenth Century: Reconfiguring the Visual Periphery of the Text. Ed. Christina Ionescu. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2011. 501-40.

Benjamin, Thomas. A Rich Land, A Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1996.

Benjamin, Thomas. "A Time of Reconquest: History, the Maya Revival, and the Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas." American Historical Review 105.2 (2000): 417-50.

Bierhorst, John. The Mythology of Mexico and Central America. New York: W. Morrow, 1990.

Bodmer, Beatriz Pastor. "Hernan Cortes and the Creation of the Model Conqueror." The Armature of Conquest. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1992. 50-100.

Booth, William. "Dramatic Aspects of Aztec Rituals." Educational Theatre Journal 18.4 (1966): 421-28.

Boudreaux, Richard. "Latin America's Indigenous Saint Stirs Anger, Pride." Los Angeles Times 30 July 2002.,0,5819241.story

Boyer, Patricio. "Framing the Visual Tableaux in the Brevísima relación de la destruición de las Indias." Colonial Latin American Review 18.3 (2009): 365-82.

Brading, D. A. The Mexican Phoenix: Our Lady of Guadalupe: Image and Tradition across Five Centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001.

Brundage, Burr Cartwright. The Fifth Sun: Aztec Gods, Aztec World. Austin: U of Texas P, 1979.

Bruni, Frank, and Ginger Thompson. "Bolstering Faith of Indians, Pope Gives Mexico a Saint." New York Times 1 August 2002: A10.

The Bull Inter Caetera (Alexander VI), May 4, 1493

The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World. Public Media Video, 1991.

Burkhart, Louise M. "The Cult of the Virgin of Guadalupe in Mexico." South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. New York: Crossroad, 1993. 199-227.

Burkhart, Louise M. Before Guadalupe: The Virgin Mary in Early Colonial Nahuatl Literature. Albany: Institute for Mesoamerican Studies, University at Albany: Distributed by U of Texas P, 2001.

Campbell, Ena. "The Virgin of Guadalupe and the Female Self-Image: A Mexican Case History." Mother Worship: Theme and Variations. Ed. James J. Preston. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1982.

Captain from Castile. Dir. Henry King, with Tyrone Power and Jean Peters. 1947

Carr, Barry. "'From the Mountains of the Southeast': A Review of Recent Writings on the Zapatistas of Chiapas." Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 3 (December 1997): 109–23.

Carrasco, David. "Where the Jaguars Roar: Aztec Human Sacrifice as Debt Payment." Daily Life of the Aztecs: People of the Sun and Earth. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Carrasco, David. City of Sacrifice: The Aztec Empire and the Role of Violence in Civilization. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999.

Carrasco, David. Quetzalcóatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992.

Carrasco, Luis F. "Strong 'Conquest' takes viewer inside history." El Paso Times 3 May 2007.

Carrasco, Salvador. "The Invisible Sight." The Zapatista Reader. Ed. Tom Hayden. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002.

Carrasco, Salvador. Director's Commentary. The Other Conquest. DVD. Englewood: Starz Home Entertainment, 2007.

Casas, Bartolomé de las. In Defense of the Indians; the Defense of the Most Reverend Lord, Don Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, of the Order of Preachers, late Bishop of Chiapa, against the Persecutors and Slanderers of the Peoples of the New World Discovered across the Seas. 1552. Translated, edited, and annotated by Stafford Poole. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 1974.

Caso, Alfonso. The Aztecs: People of the Sun. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1958.

Castillo, Ana, ed. Goddess of the Americas: Writings on the Virgin of Guadalupe. New York: Riverhead Books, 1996.

Chorba, Carrie C. "Exploring Mexican National Identity in Salvador Carrasco's Film, La otra conquista." Review: Literature and Arts of the Americas 37.2 (2004): 221-31.

Chorba, Carrie C. "The Trauma of Mexico's Mestizo Origins." Mexico, from Mestizo to Multicultural: National Identity and Recent Representations of the Conquest. Nashville: Vanderbilt UP, 2007.

Clendinnen, Inga. Aztecs: An Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991.

The Conquistadors

Cortes, Hernando. Letters from Mexico. Ed. Anthony Pagden. New Haven: Yale UP, 1986.

Cypess, Sandra Messinger. La Malinche in Mexican Literature from History to Myth. Austin: U of Texas P, 1991.

Damrosch, David. "The Aesthetics of Conquest: Aztec Poetry before and after Cortés." Representations 33 (1991): 101-20.

Díaz Polanco, Héctor. Indigenous Peoples in Latin America: The Quest for Self-Determination. Lucia Rayas, trans. Boulder, 1997.

Demarest, Donald, and Coley Taylor. The Dark Virgin: The Book of Our Lady of Guadalupe. Fresno: Academy Guild Press, 1956.

Detail from Massacre of the Rain Dancers by Alvarado's Soldiers

Diaz del Castillo, Bernal. The Conquest of New Spain. Ed. J. M. Cohen. New York: Penguin, 1963.

Dodds Pennock, Caroline. Bonds of Blood: Gender, Lifecycle and Sacrifice in Aztec Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Edmonson, Munro S., ed. Sixteenth Century Mexico: The Work of Sahagún. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1974.

Emmanuel Leutze, The Storming of the Teocalli by Cortez and His Troops

Garcia Tsao, Leonardo. "The Other Conquest" ("La otra conquista"). Variety 30 August 1999: 60-61.

Garcia, Guy. "A Story of Tolerance Across the Ages; Movies: Director Salvador Carrasco strives to tell of Mexico's past through a universal prism in his 'The Other Conquest' at the AFI fest." Los Angeles Times 23 October 1998.

Goizueta, Roberto S. "Our Lady of Guadalupe: The Heart of Mexican Identity." Religion and the Creation of Race and Ethnicity: An Introduction. Ed. Craig R. Prentiss. New York: New York UP, 2003.

Gonzales, Patricia, and Roberto Rodriguez. ""'The Other Conquest' Continues: Which America do we live in?" Column of the Americas 19 May 2000.

González Camarena, Jorge. La fusión de las culturas.

González, Jiménez, and Victor Manuel, eds. Chiapas: Guía para descubrir los encantos del estado. Mexico City: Editorial Océano de México, SA de CV, 2009.

Gordon, Richard A. "Reimagining Guadalupe in Nuevo mundo (1976) and La otra conquista (1998)." Cannibalizing the Colony: Cinematic Adaptations of Colonial Literature in Mexico and Brazil. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 2009.

Gossen, Gary H., ed. South and Mesoamerican Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. New York: Crossroads, 1993.

Gruzinski, Serge. Images at War: Mexico from Columbus to Blade Runner. Durham: Duke UP, 2001.

Gruzinski, Serge. Painting the Conquest: The Mexican Indians and the European Renaissance. Paris: Flammarion, 1992.

Haddu, Miriam. "The Power of Looking: Politics and the Gaze in Salvador Carrasco's La otra conquista." Contemporary Latin American Cinema: Breaking into the Global Market. Ed. Deborah Shaw. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007.

Haddu. Miriam. Contemporary Mexican Cinema: History, Space and Identity (1989-1999). Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 2007.

Harner, Michael. "The Ecological Basis for Aztec Sacrifice." American Ethnologist 4.1 (1977): 117-35.

Harrington, Patricia. "Mother of Death, Mother of Rebirth: The Virgin of Guadalupe." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 56.1 (1988): 25-50.

Harris, Marilyn. Prince of Eden: The Whole Story of Juan Diego. New York: Ballantine, 1985.

Harvey, Neil. The Chiapas Rebellion: The Struggle for Land and Democracy. Durham: Duke UP, 1998.

Hayden, Tom, ed. The Zapatista Reader. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002.

Hernando Cortes on the Web

Holloway, John, and Eloina Peláez, eds. Zapatista! Reinventing Revolution in Mexico. London, 1998.

Homily of the Holy Father John Paul II

Human sacrifice in Aztec culture

Jara, Rene. "The Inscription of Creole Consciousness: Fray Servando de Mier." 1492-1992: Re/Discovering Colonial Writing. Ed. Rene Jara and Nicholas Spadaccini. Minneapolis: Prisma Institute, 1989.

John Sayles reads Bartolome de Las Casas

Johnson, Reed. "Another Attempt for 'Conquest.'" Los Angeles Times 15 May 2007.

Joyce, Rosemary A. Gender and Power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica. Austin: U of Texas P, 2000.

Juan-Navarro, Santiago. "Between El Dorado and Armageddon: Utopia and Apocalypse in the Films of the Encounter." Delaware Review of Latin American Studies 6.2 (2006).

Katzenberger, Elaine, ed. First World, Ha Ha Ha! The Zapatista Challenge. San Francisco, 1995.

King, John. Magical Reels: A History of Cinema in Latin America. New York: Verso, 1990.

Kurtz, Donald. "The Virgin of Guadalupe and the Politics of Becoming Human." Journal of Anthropological Research 38 (1982): 194-210.

LaFaye, Jacques. Quetzalcóatl and Guadalupe: The Formation of Mexican National Consciousness, 1531-1813. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1976.

LaFrance,David. "Chiapas in Rebellion: An Early Assessment." Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos 12 (Winter 1996): 91–105.

Las Casas, Bartolomé de. In defense of the Indians; the defense of the Most Reverend Lord, Don Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, of the Order of Preachers, late Bishop of Chiapa, against the Persecutors and Slanderers of the Peoples of the New World discovered across the Seas. Translated, edited, and annotated by Stafford Poole. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 1974.

Las Casas, Bartolome de. The Tears of the Indians: Being an Historical and True Account of the Cruel Massacres and Slaughters of above Twenty Millions of Innocent People. London, 1656.

Las Casas, Bartolome. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Intro. Anthony Pagden. New York: Penguin, 1992.

Léon-Portilla, Miguel, ed. Native Mesoamerican Spirituality New York: Paulist Press, 1980.

Leon-Portilla, Miguel, ed. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Boston: Beacon P, 1992.

Leon-Portilla, Miguel. The Aztec Image of Self and Society: An Introduction to Nahua Culture. Salt Lake City: U of Utah P, 1992.

Lockhart, James. We People Here: Nahuatl Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993.

Lockhart,James. The Nahuas after the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1992.

Markman, Roberta H., and Peter T. Markman. The Flayed God: The Mythology of Mesoamerica -- Sacred Texts and Images from Pre-Columbian Mexico and Central America. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992.

Marrero-Fente, Raúl. "Human Rights and Academic Discourse: Teaching the Las Casas-Sepúlveda Debate in the Times of the Iraq War." Hispanic Issues On Line 4.1 (2009): 247-59.

Martinez, Jose. "'The Other Conquest': Filmmaker Salvador Carrasco Presents a Bold New Look at the Spanish Conquest." Venice Magazine 12.6 (April 2000): 34-36.

The Massacre in the Main Temple

Merediz, Eyda M. "All about Las Casas: The Productive Dialogue between Literature and Film." Approaches to Teaching the Writings of Bartolomé de Las Casas. Ed. Santa Arias and Eyda M.Merediz. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2008.

The Mexica / Aztecs

Michaelson, Judith. "Conquista Conquering." Los Angeles Times 25 March 2000.

Munoz, Lorenza. "'Conquest' Makes Its Way to Film -- Several Years in the Making, Mexican Feature Is Finding an Audience." Contra Costa Times 30 April 2000.

Munoz, Lorenza. "History (and Some Marketing) Conquer Box-Office Adversity; Movies * High audience turnout for the Mexican epic 'The Other Conquest' follows a careful marketing strategy with a crossover appeal." Los Angeles Times 29 April 2000.

Munoz, Lorenza. "Preparing a 'Conquest'." Los Angeles Times 19 April 2000.

Munro, Donald. "Clash of cultures -- Mexican movie took a long time to widely reach the U.S." Fresno Bee 6 May 2007.

Munro, Donald. "Conquerors and conquered change each other." Fresno Bee 4 May 2007.

Napolitano, Valentina, and Xochitl Leyva Solano, eds. Encuentros Antropológicos: Power, Identity and Mobility in Mexican Society. London, 1998.

Nash, June. "The Reassertion of Indigenous Identity: Mayan Responses to State Intervention in Chiapas." Latin American Research Review 30 (1995): 7–41.

New Spain

NICAN MOPOHUA, the original XVI Century Guadalupe´s apparitions story

Nilsen, Richard. "The Other Conquest." Arizona Republic 1 June 2007.

Norrell, Brenda. "Zapatistas Select Yaqui to Host Intercontinental Summit in Mexico." Narco News 7 May 2007.

O'Hara, Lilia. "Mayas and Aztecs: Apocalypto vs. The Other Conquest." San Diego Union Tribune 18 May 2007.

O'Leary, Devin D. "The Other Conquest Conquers America: An interview with writer/director Salvador Carrasco." Alibi. com 16.18 (May 3-9, 2007).

Orique, David. "Bartolomé de las Casas: A Brief Outline of His Life and Labor"

The Other Conquest: The Official Movie Site [Archived]

Our Lady of Guadalupe

Paz, Octavio. The Labyrinth of Solitude: Life and Thought in Mexico. New York: Grove Press, 1961.

Peterson, Jeanette. "The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation?" Art Journal 51.4 (1992): 39-47.

Poole, Stafford. Our Lady of Guadalupe: The Origins and Sources of a Mexican National Symbol, 1531–1797. Tucson: U of Arizona P, 1995.

Prescott, William H. History of the Conquest of Mexico. 1843. New York: Random House, 1998.

Ratliff, Larry. "Filmmaker says 'Other Conquest' is about faith." San Antonio Express-News 6 May 2007.

Read, Kay Almere, and Jason J. González. Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Read, Kay Almere. Time and Sacrifice in the Aztec Cosmos. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1998.

The Requerimiento (1510)

Restall, Matthew, et al., eds. Mesoamerican Voices: Native Language Writings from Colonial Mexico, Oaxaca, Yucatan, and Guatemala. New York: Cambridge UP, 2005.

Restall, Matthew. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest. New York: Oxford UP, 2003.

Ribeiro, Luisa F. "The Other Conquest." Box Office 136 Jun (2000): 65.

Rodriquez, Jeanette. "Tonantzin-Guadalupe: From Passion, Death to Resurrection. The Many Faces of Mary. Ed. Diego Irarrázaval, Susan A Ross, and Marie-Theres Wacker. London: SCM Press, 2008. 106-15.

Rollins, Peter C. The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Ross, John. Rebellion from the Roots: Indian Uprising in Chiapas. Monroe: Common Courage Press, 1995.

Rothman, Jack. Hollywood in Wide Angle: How Directors View Filmmaking. Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2004. 113-65.

Ruether, Rosemary Radford. "Tonantzin-Guadalupe: The Meeting of Aztec and Christian Female Symbols in Mexico." Goddesses and the Divine Feminine: A Western Religious History. Berkeley: U of California P, 2005.

Sahagún, Bernardino de. General History of the Things of New Spain: Florentine Codex. Salt Lake City: U of Utah, 1950-1982.

Sahagún, Bernardino de. The War of Conquest: How It Was Waged Here in Mexico: The Aztecs' Own Story as Given to Fr. Bernardino de Sahagun. Ed. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble. Salt Lake City: U of Utah P, 1978.

Saint Juan Diego: A Model of Humility

Saunders, P. "Unleashing Market Forces: The Social Policy Implications of Industrial Relations." Univesrity of New South Wales Law Journal 29.1 (2006).

Sepulveda, Juan Ginés De. Democrates Alter, Or, on the Just Causes for War Against the Indians.

Sermon by Antonio de Montesinos (1511)

Shah, Anup. "A Primer on Neoliberalism." Global Issues 22 Aug. 2010. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.

Sheehan, Henry. "`Other Conquest' looms smaller than life -- REVIEW: The period piece about the Spanish conquest of Mexico needs a larger perspective." Orange County Register 19 April 2000.

Smith, Michael E. The Aztecs. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, Inc., 1996.

Sousa, Lisa, Stafford Poole, and James Lockhart. The Story of Guadalupe: Luis Laso de la Vega's Huei tlamahuicoltica of 1649. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998.

Stone, Sasha. "A Spanish Masterpiece." Santa Monica Mirror 26 April 2000.

Sullivan, Thelma D., and T. J. Knab. A Scattering of Jades: Stories, Poems, and Prayers of the Aztecs. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Tanner, Travis J. "Reading From Sand Creek." Kenyon Review 32.1 (2010): 142-64.

Taylor, William. "The Virgin of Guadalupe in New Spain: An Inquiry into the Social History of Marian Devotion." American Ethnologist 14 (1987): 9-33.

Theodore de Bry images of Las Casas.

Theodore De Bry's Illustrations for Bartolome de Las Casas's Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies

Thomas, Kevin. "Movie Review; 'Conquest' Reveals Clash, Fusion of Spirit." Los Angeles Times 19 April 2000.

Tierney, Patrick. The Highest Altar: Unveiling the Mystery of Human Sacrifice. New York: Penguin Books, 1990.

Todorov , Tzvetan. The Conquest of Mexico: The Question of the Other. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.

Urrieta, Luis, Jr., and Oliva Martinez. "La Otra Conquista." Journal of Latinos and Education 1.1 (2002): 69-72.

Velazco, Salvador. "La guerra de imágenes en La otra conquista de Salvador Carrasco." Cuadernos Americanos 15.3 (2001): 128-32.

Vento, Arnold Carlos. "Aztec Myths and Cosmology: Historical-Religious Misinterpretation and Bliss." Wicazo Sa Review 11.1 (1995): 1-23.

Villarreal, Phil. "'The Other Conquest' is more an utter loss." Arizona Daily Star 17 May 2007.

Wikipedia contributors. "Bartolomé de las Casas." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 26 Feb. 2010. Web. 1 Mar. 2010.

Wolf, Eric R. "The Virgin of Guadalupe: A Mexican National Symbol." Journal of American Folklore 71 (1958): 34-39.

Womack, John, ed. Rebellion in Chiapas: An Historical Reader. New York: New Press, 1999.


Zapatista. Big Noise Films, 1998. Film.

Zapatistas in Lacandona