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Alexander, Lisa Doris. When Baseball Isn't White, Straight and Male: The Media and Difference in the National Pastime. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012.

Alpert, Rebecca. "Jackie Robinson, Jewish Icon." Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 26.2 (2008): 42-58.

Anderson, Dave. "Feeling the Fury of Robinson, Face to Face." New York Times 12 April 2013: 11.

Anderson, Dave. "Jackie Robinson, First Black in Major Leagues, Dies." New York Times 25 October 1972.

Ardolino, Frank. "Breaking the Color Line: Five Film Representations of Jackie Robinson 1950-1992." Aethlon: The Journal of Sport Literature 13.2 (1996): 49-60.

Bankes, James. The Pittsburgh Crawfords: The Life & Times of Black Baseball's Most Exciting Team. Dubuque: Wm.C. Brown, 1991.

Beale, Lewis. "In a league of his own;'42' is on deck with the tale of trailblazer Jackie Robinson." Newsday 7 April 2013: C7.

Ben Chapman and Jackie Robinson.

Berardinelli, James. "42." Reelviews.

Bianchi, Mike. "Racists still taunting Jackie Robinson after all these years." Orlando Sentinel 8 August 2013.,0,4498832.column

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Continuum, 1994.

Brian Helgeland Bio

Brownstein, Bill. "Here's to you, Mr. Robinson; 42 does justice to groundbreaking career of baseball legend, even if Montreal's role in it gets short shrift." The Gazette (Montreal) 12 April 2013: B1.

Bruce, Janet. The Kansas City Monarchs: Champions of Black Baseball. Lawrence: UP of Kansas, 1985.

Byrd, Ayana. "For Love of the Game." Essence 44.1 (May 2013): 69,72.

Carson, Tom "42: Jackie Robinson Doesn't get the Movie he Deserves" GQ 12 April 2013.

Carter, Kelley L. "Chadwick Boseman." Ebony April 2013: 32.

Coffey, Wayne. "Former Dodger Ralph Branca believes ‘42' hits home run on Jackie Robinson." New York Daily News 22 May 2013.

Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Denby, David. "Artful Dodgers: The Current Cinema." New Yorker 22 April 2013: 114.

Dorinson, Joseph, and Joram Warmund, eds. Jackie Robinson: Race, Sports, and the American Dream. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1999.

Duggan, Keith. "Race is still the most slippery and volatile subject in America." Irish Times 20 April 2013: 10.

Edelman, Rob. "The Jackie Robinson Story: A Reflection of Its Era." Nine: A Journal of Baseball History & Culture 20.1 (2011): 40-55.

Eig, Jonathan. Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Falkner, David. Great Time Coming: The Life of Jackie Robinson, from Baseball to Birmingham. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

"First lady lauds Robinson biopic." Washington Post 3 April 2013.

Folan, Peter. "Taking the Field." America 20 May 2013: 29-30.

Getting it right in '42': The Jackie Robinson film was a nonstop two-year project for Brian Helgeland. ESPN April 12, 2013.

Greenwald, Dave. "Alumnus Jackie Robinson honored by Congress." UCLA Spotlight 1 February 2005.

Gregory, Sean. "A Legend's Lost Legacy." Time 8 April 2013.

Groen, Rick. "The Hero without a Flaw." The Globe 12 April 2013.

Guerrero, Edward. Framing Blackness: The African-American Image in Film. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1993.

Holway, John B. Black Diamonds -- Life in the Negro Leagues from the Men Who Lived It. Westport: Meckler, 1989.

Hornaday, Ann. "Ann Hornaday Reviews ‘42'." Washington Post 11 April 2013.

Jackie Robinson Foundation

"Jackie Robinson and Pee Wee Reese Statue in Brooklyn."

Jackie Robinson. New York: A & E Home Video, 1991.

Jackie Robinson: Baseball Great. Bala Cynwyd: Schlessinger Video Productions, 1992.

Jackie Robinson: My Story. Los Angeles: Shout Factory, 2013, 2012.

Jackie Robinson. Time 22 September 1947.

Jenkins, Mark. "Jackie Robinson film '42' opens, starring Howard graduate Chadwick Boseman." Washington Post 12 April 2013: T27.

Jennings, Dana. "The Superhero Who Leapt Color Lines." New York Times 7 April 2013.

Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story. New York: Docuramafilms : Distributed by New Video. 2010. 2011.

The Journey of the African-American Athlete. New York: HBO Home Video, 1996.

Kahn, Roger. The Boys of Summer. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

Kennedy, Kostya. "The Magic Number." Sports Illustrated 15 April 2013: 1.

Kenny, Jack. "Jackie Robinson: Rebel With a Cause." New American 6 May 2013: 33-38.

Kepner, Tyler. "Immersing Himself to Play a Pioneer." New York Times 13 April 2013.

Kirwin, Bill. Out of the Shadows: African American Baseball from the Cuban Giants to Jackie Robinson. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2005.

Lamb, Chris. "The redemption of Clay Hopper; The biopic 42 serves as a reminder of how working with Jackie Robinson changed the Montreal Royals manager's views on race." The Gazette (Montreal) 5 April 2013.

Lamb, Chris. Blackout: The Untold Story of Jackie Robinson's First Spring Training. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2006.

Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Online Catalog.

Linge, Mary Kay. Jackie Robinson: A Biography. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2007.

Long, Michael G., ed. First Class Citizenship: The Civil Rights Letters of Jackie Robinson. New York: Henry Holt, 2007.

Metaxas, Eric. "Movie about Robinson Misses Christian Dimension." Christian Century 15 May 2013: 18.

Miller, Daniel, and Nicole Sperling. "When hate hits home; Can kids handle the racial epithets hurled in the Jackie Robinson biopic '42'? Some parents see the movie as a teachable moment." Los Angeles Times 16 April 2013: D1.

Ogden, David C. "When Baseball Isn't White, Straight and Male: The Media and Difference in the National Pastime." Theory in Action 6.2 (Apr 2013): 183-86.

Phillips, Michael. "42: Jackie Robinson has to share the spotlight with Branch Rickey." Chicago Tribune 15 April 2013.

Pinkney, Andrea Davis. Hand in Hand: Ten Black Men Who Changed America. New York: Disney/Jump at the Sun, 2012.

Podhoretz, John. "Jackie, Oh." Weekly Standard 6 May 2013: 47.

Pols, Mary. "42: The Jackie Robinson Biopic is a Solid Hit." Time 12 April 2013.

Povich, Shirley. "The Ball Stayed White, but the Game Did Not." Washington Post 28 March 1997.

Puig, Claudia. "'42': A bush-league take on hall-of-fame history; Robinson deserves a stronger story." USA Today 12 April 2013: 6D.

Raengo, Alessandra. "A Necessary Signifier: The Adaptation of Robinson's Body-Image in 'The Jackie Robinson Story'." Adaptation: The Journal of Literature on Screen Studies 1.2 (2008): 79-105.

Rampersad, Arnold. Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.

Robinson, Jackie; as told to Alfred Duckett. I Never Had It Made. 1972. New York: HarperCollins, 1995.

Robinson, Rachel; with Daniels, Lee. Jackie Robinson: An Intimate Portrait. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.

Robinson, Sharon. Jackie's Nine: Jackie Robinson's Values to Live By. New York: Scholastic 2001.

Robinson, Sharon. Promises To Keep: How Jackie Robinson Changed America. New York: Scholastic, 2004.

Roeper, Richard. "42." Roger

Rogosin, Donn. Invisible Men -- Life in Baseball's Negro Leagues. New York: Atheneum, 1983.

Rollins, Peter C. The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Saunders, James Robert. "'I Done Seen a Hundred Niggers Play Baseball Better Than Jackie Robinson': Troy Maxson's Plea in August Wilson's Fences." Baseball/Literature/Culture: Essays, 2004-2005. Ed. Peter Carino. Jefferson: McFarland, 2006. 46-52.

Schwartz, Larry. "Jackie changed face of sports."

Scott, A. O. "That Rookie at First Is in a New Position." New York Times 11 April 2013.

Simon, Scott. Jackie Robinson and the Integration of Baseball. Hoboken: Wiley, 2002.

Taube, Michael. "Jackie Robinson, Republican; The movie '42' recalls the courage of a baseball pioneer and his conservative roots." Washington Times 17 April 2013: B3.

Thank You, Jackie Robinson. Santa Monica: New Kid Home Video, 1998, ©1977.

Tracy, Thomas, et al. "Jackie Robinson statue defaced with racist slurs, swastikas outside Cyclones park, News offers reward." Daily News (New York) 7 August 2013.

Travers, Peter. "No Crying in Baseball." Rolling Stone 25 April 2013: 75.

Turan, Kenneth. "Pain and gain; Jackie Robinson's heroic tale is at the heart of the earnest '42'." Los Angeles Times 12 April 2013: D1.

Tygiel, Jules, ed. The Jackie Robinson Reader: Perspectives on an American Hero. New York: Plume, 1998.

Tygiel, Jules. Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy. New York: Oxford UP, 1983.

Tygiel, Jules. Extra Bases: Reflections on Jackie Robinson, Race, and Baseball History. U of Nebraska P, 2002.

Weintraub, Robert. Safe at Home: The Rebirth of the National Pastime after World War II. The Victory Season The End of World War II and the Birth of Baseball's Golden Age. Boston: Little, Brown, 2013.

Williams, Pat; with Sielski, Mike. How to Be Like Jackie Robinson: Life Lessons from Baseball's Greatest Hero. Deerfield Beach: HCI, 2005.

Zeiler, Thomas W. Jackie Robinson and Race in America: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St.Martin's, 2014