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Ansen, David. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsweek 16 November 1992: 74.
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Boyd, Herb. "Malcolm after Mecca: Pan-Africanism and the OAAU." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 11-12.
Boyd, Herb. "Popular Culture and Political Empowerment: The Americanization and Death of Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 12-13.
Bracey, John, & August Meier. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Journal of American History December 1993: 1197.
Breitman, George, with Herman Porter and Baxter Smith. The Assassination of Malcolm X. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1988.
Breitman, George. The Last Year of Malcolm X: The Evolution of a Revolutionary. New York: Merit Publishing, 1966.
Brother Minister: The Assassination of Malcolm X. Greenvale: 3rd Millennium Entertainment Group Inc., 1994.
Brown, Georgia. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Village Voice 26 January 1993: 56.
Canby, Vincent. "'Malcolm X,' as Complex as Its Subject." Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York Times 18 November 1992: 19.
Carson, Clayborne. "Malcolm X." Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies. Ed. Mark C. Carnes. New York: Holt, 1995.
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Craven, Alice Mikal. "In the Heat of the Night: Teaching the American Nightmare to the World." Tamkang Review 35.3-4 (2005): 115-53.
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Crowdus, Gary, and Dan Georgakas. "Our Film Is Only a Starting Point: An Interview with Spike Lee." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 20-24.
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DeCaro, Louis A. On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X. New York: New York UP, 1996.
Denby, David. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York 23 November 1992: 70.
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Dyson, Michael Eric. Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X. New York: Oxford UP, 1995.
Ebert, Roger. "Malcolm X." Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Chicago Sun-Times 18 November 1992. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19921118/REVIEWS/211180301/1023
Evanzz, Karl. The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992.
Everett, Anna. "'Spike, Don't Mess Malcolm Up': Courting Controversy and Control in Malcolm X." The Spike Lee Reader. Ed. Paula J. Massood. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2008.
Flamm, Matthew. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York Post 22 January 1993: 29.
Gallen, David. Malcolm X: As They Knew Him. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1992.
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Haley, Alex, and Malcolm X. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (as told to Alex Haley.) New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.
The Hate That Hate Produced. Louis E Lomax, Mike Wallace, et. al. 1959.
Hoberman, J. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Village Voice 24 November 1992: 55.
hooks, bell. "Male Heroes and Female Sex Objects: Sexism in Spike Lee's Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 13-15.
hooks, bell. "Malcolm X: Consumed by Images." Z Magazine March (1993): 36-39.
hooks, bell. "Spike Lee Doing Malcolm X." Outlaw Culture. New York: Routledge, 1994. 155-64.
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Howe, Desson. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 20 November 1992. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/malcolmxpg13howe_a0af39.htm
Jamal, Hakim A. From the Dead Level: Malcolm and Me. New York: Random House, 1972.
Jones, Jacquie. "Spike Lee Presents Malcolm X: The New Black Nationalism." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 9-11.
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Kempley, Rita. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 18 November 1992. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/malcolmxpg13kempley_a0a2f5.htm
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LaRocca, David. "Rethinking the First Person: Autobiography, Authorship, and the Contested Self in Malcolm X." The Philosophy of Spike Lee. Ed. Mark T. Conard. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 2011.
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Lee, Spike, and Henry Louis Gates. "Generation X." Transition 56 (1992): 176-90.
Lee, Spike, with Ralph Wiley. By Any Means Necessary. New York: Hyperion, 1992.
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Lester, Julius. "Black Supremacy and Anti-Semitism: Religion in Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 16-17.
The Life and Death of Malcolm X. Videorecording. Written and produced by James Washington. Plymouth: Simitar, 1992.
Locke, John. "Adapting the Autobiography: The Transformation of Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 5-7.
Malcolm X (1992) Deleted Scenes Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXFDTz-HYgI&feature=related
Malcolm X (1992) Deleted Scenes Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StE1HlWoIvk&feature=relmfu
Malcolm X El Hajj Malik El Shabazz. Videorecording. Xenon Entertainment. Xenon Video, 1991.
Malcolm X I Have No Fear of Anybody or Anything http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VS2UIBVG8vw&feature=related
Malcolm X Museum http://www.themalcolmxmuseum.org
Malcolm X You Have Been Brainwashed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIDLmpcI0lY&feature=related
Malcolm X, the Movie: Cinema as History. Videorecording. Hosted by Sanford Ungar. West Lafayette: Purdue University Public Affairs Archives, 1993.
Malcolm X. Malcolm X: Speeches at Harvard. Edited by Archie Epps. New York: Paragon House, 1991.
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Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhg6LxyTnY8
Malcolm X: His Own Story as it Really Happened. Videorecording. Produced by Marvin Worth and Arnold Perl. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 1972.
Malcolm X: Make it Plain. Videorecording. Narrated by David McCullough. Produced and Directed by Orlando Bagwell. Boston: WGBH; Alexandria: dist. by PBS Video, 1994.
Malcolm X: Man, Myth and Movie. ABC News. Hosted by Ted Koppel. Videocassette. Oak Forest: MPI Home Video, 1992.
Malcolm X: The Man, the Myth, the Movie Explored. Videorecording. Richmond: Evans Videography, 1992.
Malcolm X. Videorecording. Films for the Humanities. Princeton: Films for the Humanities, 1988.
Malcom X http://www.gilscottheron.com/malxintro.htm
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Myers, Walter Dean. Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary. New York: Scholastic, 1993.
Norman, Brian. "Reading a 'Closet Screenplay': Hollywood, James Baldwin's Malcolms and the Threat of Historical Irrelevance." African American Review 39.1/2 (2005): 103-18.
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Rare Alex Haley and Spike Lee Interview http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOccH8N06_c
The Real Malcolm X: An Intimate Portrait of the Man. Videorecording. Produced by Andrew Lack and Brett Alexander. Beverly Hills: CBS News; Fox Video, 1992.
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Reid, Mark A. "The Brand X of Postnegritude Frontier: Cultural Analysis of Black Identity Seen in Spike Lee's Film Malcolm X." Film Criticism 20 (Fall/Winter 1995/96): 17-25.
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Romney, Jonathan. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New Statesman & Society 5 March 1993: 34.
Seven Songs for Malcolm X. New York: First Run Icarus Films, 1993.
Seymour, Gene. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsday 22 January 1993: II:61.
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Spike Lee Malcolm X
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The True Malcolm X Speaks. Videorecording. Compiled by Debra D. Bass. Las Vegas: Library Distributers of America, 1993.
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