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Films >> Malcolm X (1992) >>

Alexander, Karen. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Sight and Sound March 1993: 46.

Ansen, David. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsweek 16 November 1992: 74.

Baraka, Amiri. "Spike Lee at the Movies." Black American Cinema. Ed. Manthia Diawara. New York: Routledge, 1993. 146.

Bernard, Jami. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York Post 18 November 1992: 21.

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Continuum, 1994.

Bowman, James. "Heroic Failures: The 'Malcolm X' Phenomenon." New Criterion 11.5 (1993): 11-16.

Boyd, Herb. "Malcolm after Mecca: Pan-Africanism and the OAAU." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 11-12.

Boyd, Herb. "Popular Culture and Political Empowerment: The Americanization and Death of Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 12-13.

Bracey, John, & August Meier. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Journal of American History December 1993: 1197.

Breitman, George, with Herman Porter and Baxter Smith. The Assassination of Malcolm X. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1988.

Breitman, George. The Last Year of Malcolm X: The Evolution of a Revolutionary. New York: Merit Publishing, 1966.

Brother Minister: The Assassination of Malcolm X. Greenvale: 3rd Millennium Entertainment Group Inc., 1994.

Brown, Georgia. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Village Voice 26 January 1993: 56.

Canby, Vincent. "'Malcolm X,' as Complex as Its Subject." Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York Times 18 November 1992: 19.

Carson, Clayborne. "Malcolm X." Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies. Ed. Mark C. Carnes. New York: Holt, 1995.

Carson, Clayborne. Malcolm X: The FBI File. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1991.

Clarke, John Henrik. Malcolm X: The Man and His Times. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Cone, James H. Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1991.

Craven, Alice Mikal. "In the Heat of the Night: Teaching the American Nightmare to the World." Tamkang Review 35.3-4 (2005): 115-53.

Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Crowdus, Gary, and Dan Georgakas. "Our Film Is Only a Starting Point: An Interview with Spike Lee." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 20-24.

Crowdus, Gary, ed. By Any Reviews Necessary: A Symposium on Malcolm X. Cineaste 19.4 (1993).

DeCaro, Louis A. On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X. New York: New York UP, 1996.

Denby, David. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York 23 November 1992: 70.

Derry, Charles. "Spike Lee." Film Reference.

Doherty, Thomas Patrick. "Lee, Shelton Jackson 'Spike.'" A Political Companion to American Film. Ed. Gary Crowdus. Chicago: Lakeview Press, 1994.

Doherty, Thomas Patrick. "Malcolm X: In Print, On Screen." Biography 23.1 (2000): 29-48.

Dyson, Michael Eric. Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X. New York: Oxford UP, 1995.

Ebert, Roger. "Malcolm X." Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Chicago Sun-Times 18 November 1992.

Evanzz, Karl. The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992.

Everett, Anna. "'Spike, Don't Mess Malcolm Up': Courting Controversy and Control in Malcolm X." The Spike Lee Reader. Ed. Paula J. Massood. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2008.

Flamm, Matthew. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New York Post 22 January 1993: 29.

Gallen, David. Malcolm X: As They Knew Him. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1992.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. "Generation X." Black Film Review 7.3 (1992): 14-17, 33.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. "Malcolm, the Aardvark, and Me." New York Times 2 Feb.1993: 7.11

Georgakas, Dan. "Who Will Speak for El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz?: Hagiography and a Missing Identity in Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 15-16.

Haley, Alex, and Malcolm X. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (as told to Alex Haley.) New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.

The Hate That Hate Produced. Louis E Lomax, Mike Wallace, et. al. 1959.

Hoberman, J. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Village Voice 24 November 1992: 55.

hooks, bell. "Male Heroes and Female Sex Objects: Sexism in Spike Lee's Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 13-15.

hooks, bell. "Malcolm X: Consumed by Images." Z Magazine March (1993): 36-39.

hooks, bell. "Spike Lee Doing Malcolm X." Outlaw Culture. New York: Routledge, 1994. 155-64.

Horton, Andrew. "Political Assassination Thrillers." A Political Companion to American Film. Ed. Gary Crowdus. Chicago: Lakeview Press, 1994.

Howe, Desson. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 20 November 1992.

Jamal, Hakim A. From the Dead Level: Malcolm and Me. New York: Random House, 1972.

Jones, Jacquie. "Spike Lee Presents Malcolm X: The New Black Nationalism." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 9-11.

Jones, Kent. "The Invisible Man. Spike Lee." Film Comment 33 (Jan/Feb 1997): 42-47.

Kellner, Douglas. "Spike Lee's Morality Tales." Philosophy and Film. Ed. Cynthia A. Freeland and Thomas E. Wartenberg. New York: Routledge, 1995. 201-17.

Kempley, Rita. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 18 November 1992.

Kennedy, Lisa. "Is Malcolm X The Right Thing?" Sight and Sound 3.2 (1993): 6.

LaRocca, David. "Rethinking the First Person: Autobiography, Authorship, and the Contested Self in Malcolm X." The Philosophy of Spike Lee. Ed. Mark T. Conard. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 2011.

Lee, Jonathan Scott. "Spike Lee's Malcolm X as Transformational Object." American Imago 52.2 (1995): 155-67.

Lee, Spike, and Henry Louis Gates. "Generation X." Transition 56 (1992): 176-90.

Lee, Spike, with Ralph Wiley. By Any Means Necessary. New York: Hyperion, 1992.

Lee, Spike. Five for Five: The Films of Spike Lee. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1991.

Lester, Julius. "Black Supremacy and Anti-Semitism: Religion in Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 16-17.

The Life and Death of Malcolm X. Videorecording. Written and produced by James Washington. Plymouth: Simitar, 1992.

Locke, John. "Adapting the Autobiography: The Transformation of Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 5-7.

Malcolm X (1992) Deleted Scenes Part 1

Malcolm X (1992) Deleted Scenes Part 2

Malcolm X El Hajj Malik El Shabazz. Videorecording. Xenon Entertainment. Xenon Video, 1991.

Malcolm X I Have No Fear of Anybody or Anything

Malcolm X Museum

Malcolm X You Have Been Brainwashed

Malcolm X, the Movie: Cinema as History. Videorecording. Hosted by Sanford Ungar. West Lafayette: Purdue University Public Affairs Archives, 1993.

Malcolm X. Malcolm X: Speeches at Harvard. Edited by Archie Epps. New York: Paragon House, 1991.

Malcolm X. Malcolm X: The Last Speeches. Edited by Bruce Perry. New York, NY: Pathfinder, 1989.

Malcolm X: A Research Site

Malcolm X: A Search For Identity. Videorecording. Narrated by Renee Poussaint. Produced by Ron Steinman. New York: A&E Home Video, 1995.

Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary

Malcolm X: His Own Story as it Really Happened. Videorecording. Produced by Marvin Worth and Arnold Perl. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 1972.

Malcolm X: Make it Plain. Videorecording. Narrated by David McCullough. Produced and Directed by Orlando Bagwell. Boston: WGBH; Alexandria: dist. by PBS Video, 1994.

Malcolm X: Man, Myth and Movie. ABC News. Hosted by Ted Koppel. Videocassette. Oak Forest: MPI Home Video, 1992.

Malcolm X: The Man, the Myth, the Movie Explored. Videorecording. Richmond: Evans Videography, 1992.

Malcolm X. Videorecording. Films for the Humanities. Princeton: Films for the Humanities, 1988.

Malcom X

Marable, Manning. "Malcolm as Messiah: Cultural Myth vs. Historical Reality in Malcolm X." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 7-9.

Mathews, Jack. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsday 18 November 1992: II:61.

McCrisken, Trevor, and Andrew Pepper. "From Civil Rights to Black Nationalism?" American History and Contemporary Hollywood Film. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2005. 160-86.

Myers, Walter Dean. Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary. New York: Scholastic, 1993.

Norman, Brian. "Reading a 'Closet Screenplay': Hollywood, James Baldwin's Malcolms and the Threat of Historical Irrelevance." African American Review 39.1/2 (2005): 103-18.

The Official Website of Malcolm X

Perry, Bruce. Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America. Barrytown: Stanton Hill Press, 1991.

Rare Alex Haley and Spike Lee Interview

The Real Malcolm X: An Intimate Portrait of the Man. Videorecording. Produced by Andrew Lack and Brett Alexander. Beverly Hills: CBS News; Fox Video, 1992.

Reed, Adolph. "The Trouble with X." Progressive February (1993): 18-19.

Reid, Mark A. "The Brand X of Postnegritude Frontier: Cultural Analysis of Black Identity Seen in Spike Lee's Film Malcolm X." Film Criticism 20 (Fall/Winter 1995/96): 17-25.

Rhines, Jesse. "Spike Lee, Malcolm X, and the Money Game: The Compromises of Crossover Marketing." Cineaste 19.4 (1993): 17-18.

Rollins, Peter C. The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Romney, Jonathan. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New Statesman & Society 5 March 1993: 34.

Seven Songs for Malcolm X. New York: First Run Icarus Films, 1993.

Seymour, Gene. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsday 22 January 1993: II:61.

Slethaug, Gordon E. "Spike Lee, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X: The Politics of Domination and Difference." I Sing the Body Politic: History as Prophecy in Contemporary American Literature. Ed. Peter Swirski. Montreal McGill-Queen's UP, 2009. 113-148.

The Smoking Gun: The Malcolm X Files

Spike Lee Malcolm X

Steele, Shelby. "Malcolm Little." New Republic 21 December 1992: 27-31.

Sterritt, David. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Christian Science Monitor 18 November 1992: 14.

Stevens, Maurice E. "Subject to Countermemory: Disavowal and Black Manhood in Spike Lee's Malcolm X. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 28.1 (2002): 278-301.

The True Malcolm X Speaks. Videorecording. Compiled by Debra D. Bass. Las Vegas: Library Distributers of America, 1993.

Turan, Kenneth. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Los Angeles Times 18 November 1992: calender/1.

Turvey, Malcolm. "Black Film Making in the USA: The Case of Malcolm X." Wasafiri: Journal of Caribbean, African, Asian and Associated Literatures and Film 18 (Autumn 1993): 53-56.

Walk in My Shoes. Dick Gregory, Percy Sutton et al. 1961

Welsh, James M. Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Films in Review April 1993: 128.

Winn, J.E. "Challenges and Compromises in Spike Lee's Malcolm X." Communication Abstracts 25.3 (2002): 287-426.

Wood, Joe. Malcolm X: In Our Own Image. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.