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Films >> Ultima Cena, La (The Last Supper) (1976) >>

Africans in America: America's Journey through Slavery. PBS Video, 1998.

Africans in America: The Terrible Transformation

Alcocer, Rudyard. "Word vs. Image in Afro-Hispanic Pedagogy: Ambiguity and the Racial Identity of the Mayoral in Tomas Gutierrez Alea's La Ultima Cena." Palara [Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association] 13 (2009): 63-74.

Allen, Tom. "Film: Strange Fruits." Village Voice 8 May 1978: 40.

Anonymous. Editorial. Cineaste 22.2 (1996): 1.

Aravamudan, Srinivas. Tropicopolitans. Durham: Duke UP, 1999.

Arnold, Gary. "'The Last Supper': 'Ambitious but Turgid.'" Washington Post 11 May 1978: C17.

Asahina, R. "Mixed-up Movies." New Leader 22 May 1978: 30-31.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. Problems of Dostoyevksy's Poetics. Ed. and Trans. Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984.

Blasini, Gilberto M. "Cinema, History, and Decolonization." Film Analysis: A Norton reader. Ed. Jeffrey Geiger and R. L. Rutsky. New York: Norton, 2005.

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Viking, 1973.

Brophy, Stephen. "Tomás Gutiérrez Alea." Film Reference.

Caetano, Maria do Rosario. Cineastas Lation-Americanos: Entrevistas e Filmes. Sao Paulo: Estacao Liberdade, 1997. 151-58.

Canby, Vincent. "Film: 'The Last Supper,' A Parable from Cuba."New York Times 5 May 1978: C6.

Casal, Lourdes. "Race Relations in Contemporary Cuba." The Position of Blacks in Brazilian and Cuban Society. London: Minority Rights Group, 1979. 11-27.

Cecilia. World Service Publications, 1981.

Chanan, Michael. "Imperfect Cinema and the Seventies." The Cuban Image: Cinema and Cultural Politics in Cuba. London: BFI, 1985.

Chanan, Michael. "We Are Losing All Our Values: An Interview with Tomas Gutierrez Alea." boundary 2 29.3 (2002): 47-53.

Chanan, Michael. Cuban Cinema. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2004.

Chijona, Gerardo. "La Ultima Cena: Entrevista a Tomas Gutierrez Alea." Cine Cubano 93 (1977): 81-89.

Collins, Dr. Practical Rules for the Management and Medical Treatment of Negro Slaves in the Sugar Colonies by a Professional Planter. London: J. Barfield, 1803.

Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Crowdus, Gary. "Up to a Point: An Interview with TGA and Mirta Ibarra." Cineaste 14.2 (1985): 26-29.

Dauphin, Gary. "Motion Pictures." Village Voice 44.4 (1999): 64.

Davis, Natalie Zemon. "Ceremony and Revolt: Burn! and The Last Supper." Slaves on Screen: Film and Historical Vision. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2000. 41-68.

Deaver, William O. "The Last Supper: Art as Propaganda." Romance Languages Annual 11 (2000): 438-41.

Downing, John. "Four Films of Tomas Gutierrez Alea." Film and Politics in the Third World. New York: Praeger, 1988. 279-301.

DuBois, Laurent, and John D. Garrigus. Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804. Boston: Bedford, 2006.

DuBois, Laurent. Avengers of the New World; The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 2004.

Edwards, Bryan. An Historical Survey of the French Colony in the Island of St. Domingo. London: Printed for J. Stockdale, 1797.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Written by Himself. Originally published: London : O. Equiano, 1789. New York: St. Martin's, 1995.

Finkelman, Paul, ed. Proslavery Thought, Ideology, and Politics. New York: Garland, 1989.

Finkelman, Paul. Defending Slavery: Proslavery Thought in the Old South. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003.

Fraginals, Manuel Moreno. The Sugarmill: The Socioeconomic Complex of Sugar in Cuba, 1760-1860. New York: Monthly Review, 1976.

Fuente, Alejandro de la. A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth-Century Cuba. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2001.

Gilliat, Penelope. "The Current Cinema: Last Supper in Havana." New Yorker 15 May 1978: 121-23.

Gordon, Richard A. "The Slave as National Symbol in Cuban and Brazilian Cinema: Representing Resistance and Promoting National Unity in La Ultima Cena and Chico Rei." Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 15.3 (2006): 301-20.

Gutierrez Alea, Tomas. "History as a Weapon -- Past and Future." Polygraph 1 (1987): 53-55.

Gutierrez Alea, Tomas. "I Wasn't Always a Filmmaker." Cineaste 1 (1985): 36-38.

Gutierrez Alea, Tomas. "The Viewer's Dialectic." New Latin American Cinema: Theory, Practices and Transcontinental Articulations. Ed. Michael T. Martin. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997: 108-31.

Gutierrez Alea, Tomas. "Beyond the Reflection of Reality." Cinema and Social Change in Latin America: Conversations With Filmmakers. Ed Julianne Burton. Austin: U of Texas P, 1986. 115-31.

The Haitian Revolution

Hamilton, Ian. "Films: Truly True." New Statesman 9 May 1979: 336.

Haskell, Molly. Movies: Sugar, No Spice." New York Magazine 29 May 1978: 67-68.

Hatch, Robert. "Films." Nation 20 May 20 1978: 609-10.

Havard, John C. "The Typological Rhetoric of Tomas Gutierrez Alea's La Ultima Cena." Hipertexto 7 (2008): 58-67.

Hillier, Richard. A Vindication of the address to the people of Great Britain, on the use of West India Produce. With Some Observations and facts relative to the situation of Slaves. In reply to a Female Apolgist for Slavery. London: M. Gurne

History – African Americans [Archived]

Dubois, Larent. Avengers of the New World; The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 2004.

Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Originally published: London: H. Jacobs, 1864. Ed. L Maria Childs. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.

Jaehne, Karen. Review of The Last Supper. Film Quarterly 33.1 (1979): 48-53.

James, Stephen. Extracts from a West India Plantation Journal, Kept by the Manager: Showing the Treatment of the Slaves and Its Fatal Consquences. London: Bagster, 18--.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Rereading America. Ed. Gary Colombo, Robert Cullen, and Bonnie Lisle. Boston: Bedford, 1987.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Declaration of Independence. [Archived]

Kauffmann, S. "Stanley Kauffmann on Films: Communist Films, Two Kinds." New Republic 10 June 1978: 18-19.

King, J. Magic Reels: A History of Cinema in Latin America. London: Verso, 1990.

Klain, S. "La ultima cena" ("The Last Supper"). Variety 3 May 1978: 26.

Klein, Herbert S. Slavery in the Americas: A Comparative Study of Virginia and Cuba. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1967.

Knight, Franklin W. Slave Society in Cuba during the Nineteenth Century. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1970.

Levin, Julia. "Tomás Gutiérrez Alea." Senses of Cinema.

Manzano, Juan Francisco. Poems by a Slave in the Island of Cuba, Recently Liberated. London: T. Ward and Co., 1840.

Martinez-Echazabal, Lourdes. "The Politics of Afro-Cuban Religion in Contemporary Cuban Cinema." Afro-Hispanic Review 13.1 (1994): 16-22.

Miller, Paul B., and Dennis West. "Memories of Underemployment, Thirty Years Later: An Interview with Sergio Corrieri." Cineaste 23.2 (1999): 20-23.

Montejo, Esteban. The Autobiography of a Runaway Slave. Ed. Miguel Barnet. Trans. Jocast Innes. New York: Pantheon, 1968.

Mraz, John. "Recasting Cuban Slavery: The Other Francisco and The Last Supper." Based on a True Story: Latin American History at the Movies. Ed. Donald R. Stevens. Wilmington: S.R. Books, 1997. 106-22.

Paquette, Robert L. Sugar Is Made with Blood: The Conspiracy of La Escalera and the Conflict between Empires over Slavery in Cuba. Middletown: Weslyan UP, 1988.

Perchaluk, E. "The Last Supper." Independent Film Journal 2 June 1978: 12.

Pick, Zuzana M. The New Latin American Cinema: A Continental Project. Austin: U of Texas P, 1993.

Pieterse, Jan Nederveen. White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western Popular Culture. New Haven: Yale UP, 1992.

Pro-slavery Argument; as Maintained by the Most Distinguished Writers of the Southern States, containing the Several Essays on the Subject of Chancellor Harper, Governer Hammond, Dr. Simms, and Professor Dew. New York: Negroes Universites P,

Pym, J. "Ultima cena, La" ("The Last Supper"). Monthly Film Bulletin 46 April (1979): 79-80.

Representacion extendida por Don Diego Miguel de Moya y firmada por casi todos los duenos de ingenios de la jurisdiccion, en enero 19 de 1790.

Rich, B. Ruby. "Tomas Gutierrez Alea 1928-1996." The Village Voice 30 April 1996: 62.

Rollins, Peter C. The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.

Sanchez Crespo, Osvaldo. "The Perspective of the Present: Cuban History, Cuban Filmmaking: The Last Supper." Reviewing Histories, Selections from New Latin American Cinema. Ed. Coco Fusco. Buffalo: Hallwals Contemporary Arts Center, 1987. 197-2000.

Schroeder, Paul A. "The Last Supper: Marxism Meets Christianity." Tomas Gutierrez Alea: The Dialectics of a Filmmaker. New York: Rutledge, 2002.

Scott, Rebecca J. Slave Emancipation in Cuba: The Transition to Free Labor, 1860-1899. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1985.

Smith, Valerie, ed. Representing Blackness: Issues in Film and Video. New Jersey: Rutgers UP, 1997.

Snead, James. White Screens, Black Images: Hollywood from the Dark Side. Ed. Colin MacCabe and Cornel West. New York: Routledge, 1994.

A Son of Africa. California Newsreel, 1996.

Stanley Kaufmann on films: Human Rights. [Archived]

Studies in the World History of Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation

Suchlicki, Jaime. Cuba: From Columbus to Castro and Beyond. Washington: Brassey's, 1997.

Tales from Havana. S.I., 1993.

Taylor, Clyde. The Mask of Art: Breaking the Aesthetic Contract in Film and Literature. Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 1998.

The Christian ThinkTank

The Last Supper (1976)

Tise, Larry. Proslavery: A History of the Defense of Slavery in America, 1701-1840. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1987.

Toensing, Holly Joan. "'Who Do You Say That I Am?': Identity and Discipleship in The Last Supper and the Gospel of Mark." Journal of Religion and Popular Culture (Fall 2006): 14--.

Watson, Tim. Caribbean Culture and British Fiction in the Atlantic World, 1780-1870. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008.

West, Dennis. "Slavery and Cinema in Cuba: The Case of Gutierrez Alea's 'The Last Supper.'" Western Journal of Black Studies 3.2 (1979): 128-33.

Williams, Cynric. A Tour Through the Island of Jamaica; From the Western to the Eastern End in the Year 1823. London: Hunt and Clark, 1826.

A Woman Called Moses. Xenon Entertainment, 1992.

Wood, David. "Tomas Gutierrez Alea and the Art of Revolutionary Cinema." Bulletin of Latin American Research 28.4 (2009): 512-26.