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Films >> 12 Years a Slave (2013) >>

"'12 Years' Is The Story Of a Slave Whose End Is a Mystery." Weekend Edition Saturday 19 Oct. 2013. http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/10/19/231520610/12-years-records-enslavement-but-how-does-the-story-end

"12 Years a Slave Special Feature.... Starring Chiwetel, Fassbender and Brad Pitt." YouTube. YouTube, 3 Sept. 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q2S5cc2Vj-s

"12 Years a Slave True Story - Real Solomon Northup, Edwin Epps." HistoryvsHollywood.com. http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/12-years-a-slave.php

"12 Years Auditions - Saturday Night Live." YouTube. YouTube, 2 Mar. 2014. Web. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yyUNOtRTVuc

"'12 Years A Slave' Was a Film That 'No One Was Making'." Fresh Air 24 Oct. 2013. http://www.npr.org/2013/10/24/240288057/12-years-a-slave-was-a-film-that-no-one-was-making

"'12 Years' Gets Story Right but Context, Some Details May Be Off." All Things Considered 23 Dec. 2013. http://www.npr.org/2013/12/23/256607303/12-years-gets-northrups-story-right-but-context-may-be-off

Abolition of the Atlantic Slave Trade in the United States http://www1.american.edu/ted/slave.htm

Alleva, Richard. "An everyday nightmare: '12 years a slave.'" Commonweal 140.19 (2013): 23+.

"American Film Institute." American Film Institute. 2016. Web. 24 Apr. 2016. www.afi.com

Bancroft, Frederic. Slave Trading in the Old South. N.p.: U of South Carolina, 1931. Print.

Beck, Bernard. "An American Nightmare: Remembered Wrongs in 12 Years a Slave." Multicultural Perspectives 16.3 (2014): 148-51. Academic Search Premier. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

Brody, Richard. "Should a Film Try to Depict Slavery?" Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. The New Yorker 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. http://www.newyorker.com/culture/richard-brody/should-a-film-try-to-depict-slavery

Burr, Ty. "‘12 Years a Slave' shows a free man taken into bondage." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. Boston Globe 24 Oct. 2013. Web. 21 Apr. 2016. https://www.bostonglobe.com/arts/movies/2013/10/24/years-slave-shows-free-man-taken-into-bondage/A2PWzIL4hfdWziCfIVn5QN/story.html

Cheathem, Mark R. "The Domestic Slave Trade and the United States Constitution." Rev. of Slavery and the Commerce of Power: How the Struggle against the Interstate Slave Trade Led to the Civil War, by David L. Lighter. Reviews in American History 35.3 (2007): 374–79. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Classic." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n,d. Web. 24 Apr.2016.

Collin, Robbie. "This, at last, really is history written with lightning." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. The Telegraph 9 Jan. 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2016. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/filmreviews/10293267/12-Years-A-Slave-review-This-at-last-really-is-history-written-with-lightning.html

Corliss, Richard. "12 Years a Slave and Mandela: Two Tales of Racism Survived." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. Time. 9 September 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2016. http://entertainment.time.com/2013/09/09/12-years-a-slave-and-mandela-two-tales-of-racism-survived/

Dargis, Manohla. "The Blood and Tears, Not the Magnolias." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. The New York Times 17 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/18/movies/12-years-a-slave-holds-nothing-back-in-show-of-suffering.html?_r=0

Davis, Steve. "Film Review: 12 Years a Slave." Austin Chronicle 1 Nov. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.austinchronicle.com/calendar/film/2013-11-01/12-years-a-slave/

"Defining 'Classic' Movies." Reel Classics: The Classic Movie Site . Apr. 2003. Web. 24 Apr. 2016. http://www.reelclassics.com/Articles/General/definingclassic-article.htm

Denby, David. "Fighting To Survive." The New Yorker 21 Oct. 2013: 108. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/10/21/fighting-to-survive-2

Deyle, Steven. Carry Me Back: The Domestic Slave Trade in American Life. New York: Oxford UP, 2005. Print.

Doherty, Thomas. "12 Years a Slave." Journal of American History 101.1 (2014): 357-60. Academic Search Premier. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

Fiske, David. Solomon Northup's Kindred: The Kidnapping of Free Citizens before the Civil War. Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2016. Print.

"Five Things That Define a Classic Film." MovieFanFare 30 Dec. 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2016. http://www.moviefanfare.com/five-things-that-define-a-classic-film/

"For a Free Spirit, A Grim '12 Years' in Chains." All Things Considered 18 Oct. 2013. http://www.npr.org/2013/10/18/235486193/for-a-free-spirit-a-grim-12-years-in-chains

Fuller, Richard. "The Reverend Richard Fuller: A Christian Defense of Slavery." Gale U.S. History in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2015. U.S. History in Context. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

Garrett, Daniel. "The Free Mind of a Man an Captivity: 12 Years a Slave Book and Film." Senses of Cinema 72 (2014): 1-19. Film & Television Literature Index with Full Text. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. "12 Years a Slave: A Conversation with Steve McQueen." Transition: An International Review 114 (2013): 185+.

Gonzalez, Ed. "12 Years a Slave." Slant Magazine 13 Sept. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.slantmagazine.com/film/review/12-years-a-slave

Gould, Virginia Meacham. "Louisiana." Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Paul Finkelman. Farmington: Gale, 2000. Credo Reference Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Gruber, Katherine Egner. "Slave Clothing and Adornment in Virginia." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 4 Feb. 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Slave_Clothing_and_Adornment_in_Virginia#start_entry

Gudmestad, Robert H. A Troublesome Commerce: The Transformation of the Interstate Slave Trade. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2003. Print.

Gunning, Tom. "Making Sense of Films," History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. American Social History Project, Feb. 2002. Web. 3 May 2016. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/mse/film/

Harris, Rachel Lee. "Clothes and Character: '12 Years a Slave'" The Carpetbagger. N.p., 11 Dec. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. http://carpetbagger.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/11/clothes-and-character-12-years-a-slave/?_r=0

"Historian Says '12 Years' Is a Story the Nation Must Remember." Fresh Air 24 Oct. 2013.

Hornaday, Ann. "‘12 Years a Slave' movie review: A masterpiece of form, content, emotion and performance." Washington Post 17 Oct. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/goingoutguide/movies/12-years-a-slave-movie-review-a-masterpiece-of-form-content-emotion-and-performance/2013/10/16/1b158e76-34e8-11e3-8a0e-4e2cf80831fc_story.html

Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul: Life inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1999. Print.

Johnson, Walter. The Chattel Principle: Internal Slave Trades in the Americas. New Haven: Yale UP, 2004. Print.

Kellner, Douglas. "The Horrors of Slavery and Modes of Representation in Amistad and 12 Years a Slave." Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media 56 (2014): 29. Film & Television Literature Index with Full Text.

Laffly, Tomris. "12 Years a Slave." Film Journal International 116.11 (2013): 132-34. Film & Television Literature Index with Full Text. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

LaSalle, Mike. "'12 Years a Slave' Review: View of a Horror." SFGate. San Francisco Chronicle 31 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.sfgate.com/entertainment/article/12-Years-a-Slave-review-view-of-a-horror-4943304.php

Lieblich, Mollie. "The Cultural Significance of Solomon Northup's Twelve Years a Slave - US History Scene." US History Scene. http://ushistoryscene.com/article/12-years-a-slave/

Lumenick, Lou. "‘12 Years a Slave' Powerful and Devastating." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. New York Post Entertainment. New York Post 17 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://nypost.com/2013/10/17/12-years-a-slave-powerful-and-devastating/

"Lupita and Alfre Discuss Their Roles in 12 Years a Slave." YouTube. YouTube, 9 Oct. 2013. Web. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qizDNiaO5Wk

MacInnes, Paul. "12 Years a Slave: Toronto Film Festival -- First Look Review." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 07 Sept. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/sep/07/twelve-years-a-slave-review-toronto

Maeder, Edward. Hollywood and History: Costume Design in Film. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1987. Print.

Marsh, Calum. "12 Years a Slave." Sight & Sound 24.2 (2014): 91. Film & Television Literature Index with Full Text. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

Michael Fassbender Interview 12 YEARS A SLAVE." YouTube. YouTube, 7 Oct. 2013. Web. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4tC5UeUaGvE

Miller, Julie. "Patricia Norris, *12 Years a Slave*'s 82-Year-Old Costume Designer, on Inventing History From Whole Cloth." Vanity Fair. N.p., 3 Jan. 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. http://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2014/01/12-years-a-slave-costume-design

Mondello, Bob. "For a free spirit, a grim '12 Years' in chains." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. All Things Considered NPR, 18 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. http://www.npr.org/2013/10/18/235486193/for-a-free-spirit-a-grim-12-years-in-chains

Morgenstern, Joe. "'Slave': Unfettered, Unprecedented Force." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. WSJ. The Wall Street Journal 17 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304410204579140152376832332

Nash, Gary B., Charlotte Crabtree, and Ross E. Dunn. History on Trial: Culture Wars and the Teaching of the Past. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.

Northup, Solomon, David Wilson, and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New-York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina, 2011.

O'Hehir, Andrew. "Pick of the Week: From Freedom to Slavery and Back." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. Salon.com RSS. Salon 17 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.salon.com/2013/10/17/pick_of_the_week_from_freedom_to_slavery_and_back/

Persall, Steve. "Review: Haunting '12 Years a Slave' Is Powerful, Groundbreaking." Tampa Bay Times 6 Nov. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.tampabay.com/things-to-do/movies/review-haunting-12-years-a-slave-is-powerful-groundbreaking/2151179>

Puig, Claudia. "'12 Years a Slave' Paints Haunting Portrait of Endurance." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. USA Today. Gannett, 2013. Web. 07 Mar. 2016. http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2013/10/17/12-years-a-slave-review/2871005/

Reel Classics: The Classic Movie Site. Reel Classics LLC. 09 June 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2016. www.reelclassics.com

"The Role of Film in Society." Thought Economics. 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2016. https://thoughteconomics.com/the-role-of-film-in-society/

Rothman, Adam. Slave Country: American Expansion and the Origins of the Deep South. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2005. Print.

The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. In Motion: The African American Migration Experience. The New York Public Library, 2005. Web. 29 Mar. 2016. http://www.inmotionaame.org/home.cfm

Scott, Mike. "'12 Years a Slave' movie review: New Orleans-shot drama immerses viewers in cruel history." The Times-Picayune. NOLA.com. 1 Nov. 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2016. http://www.nola.com/movies/index.ssf/2013/10/12_years_a_slave_movie_review.html

"Slavery." The Reader's Companion to American History. Eds. Eric Foner and John Arthur Garraty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2014. Reference. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Stern, Marlow. "Michael Fassbender Opens up about ‘12 Years a Slave,' Religion, and Assassin's Creed." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast. 16 Oct. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2016. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/10/16/michael-fassbender-opens-up-about-12-years-a-slave-religion-and-assassin-s-creed.html

"Steve McQueen: A Lot of People Didn't Want 12 Years a Slave to Be Made." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 05 Oct. 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/oct/05/steve-mcqueen-12-years-a-slave-opposition

Stevens, Dana. "12 Years a Slave Is an Overpowering Portrait of the Horrors of Our History." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. Slate. Slate Magazine 17 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/movies/2013/10/_12_years_a_slave_directed_by_steve_mcqueen_reviewed.html

Svetkey, Benjamin, and Andy Lewis. "Hollywood's 100 Favorite Movie Lines." Hollywood Reporter, 11 Mar. 2016: 68+. Popular Culture Collection. Web. 23 Apr. 2016. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/lists/best-movie-quotes-hollywoods-top-867142

Tadman, Michael. Speculators and Slaves: Masters, Traders, and Slaves in the Old South. Madison: U of Wisconsin, 1989. Print.

Travers, Peter. "12 Years a Slave." Rev. of 12 Years a Slave, dir. Steve McQueen. Rolling Stone Magazine 17 Oct. 2013. Web. Feb. 2016. http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/reviews/12-years-a-slave-20131017

Urban, Andrew. "Art As an Ally To Public History: 12 Years a Slave and Django Unchained." Public Historian 36.1 (2014): 81-86. Academic Search Premier. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

Van Syckle, Katie. "Q&A: 12 Years a Slave Costume Designer Patricia Norris." The Cut. N.p., 16 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. http://nymag.com/thecut/2014/01/qa-12-years-a-slave-costumer-patricia-norris.html#

Walker, David E. "Slavery." The American Economy: A Historical Encyclopedia. Ed. Cynthia L. Clark. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2011. Credo Reference. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Weeks, Linton. "As Time Goes By, What Makes A Movie Timeless?" NPR. National Public Radio, 22 Jan. 2014. Web. 24 Apr 2016. http://www.npr.org/sections/theprotojournalist/2014/01/22/264521244/as-time-goes-by-what-makes-a-movie-timeless

Williams, John. "Oscar Hopeful Revives Searing Memoir." New York Times Book Review 1 Dec. 2013: 4(L). http://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/oct/05/steve-mcqueen-12-years-a-slave-opposition

Wilson, Carol. Freedom at Risk: The Kidnapping of Free Blacks in America, 1780-1865. Lexington: University of Kentucky, 1994.

Wloszczyna, Susan. "12 Years a Slave Movie Review (2013) | Roger Ebert." N.p., 18 Oct. 2013. Web. http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/12-years-a-slave-2013

Worley, Sam. "Solomon Northup and the Sly Philosophy of the Slave Pen." Callaloo 20.1 (1997): 243–59. Print.