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						65
	The Burnt Village of Hampton.
general (whom I saw in 185 disporting himself
at Newport, Rhode Island.)   Once a charming place,
a Virginian Beaufort, it appeared now only so many
heaps of brickwork, dismantled walls and fire-
places, with tall chimneys sentinelling the desolation.
It was fired at night by Magruder s oder, just
as the inhabitants were going to bed, the incendiaries
knocking at the doors or windows, telling the house-
holders to turn out, and then applying the torch.
In once case a nephew did this to his uncle s dwelling
half an hour after he had been entertained there,
possibly with the owner s consent.  Some burnt
their own houses.  Most of the residents
went to Norfolk and there was a subscription raised
for their benefit throughout the South.    I never
saw a more suggestive picture of the results of civil
war.    You could perceive the vestiges of train gardens
with rare plants and box-bordered walks; these
and the trees, just budding into spring verdure
formed a marked contrast with the heaps of black-
ened and ruinous brickwork.      Most of the houses
stood apart; the place was of some extent.            Ar-
riving at the church, (the oldest Protestant one,
they say, with one exception in the United States)
we find it a mere ruin, open to sun and air,
everything wooden being consumed. (The bricks
were brought from Europe.)        Soldiers were strolling
about, idly enough; we had passed
Page
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Nineteen: page seventy-nine
Description:Describes the ruins of Hampton, Virginia, after being burnt by John B. Magruder.
Date:1862-03-25
Subject:Civil War; Fires; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Magruder, John B.; Peninsular Campaign (Va.)
Coverage (City/State):Hampton, [Virginia]
Scan Date:2010-06-14

 

Volume
Title:Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Volume Nineteen
Description:Includes Gunn's descriptions of his experiences as a war correspondent for ""The New York Tribune"" in Virginia while traveling with the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular Campaign; the Siege of Yorktown; the Battle of Williamsburg; his departure from Alexandria on the steamer Kent; the ruins of Hampton, Virginia, after it was burnt by John B. Magruder; touring the gunboat Monitor; the death of Fitz James O'Brien from a gunshot wound; Jim Parton's temporary separation from Fanny Fern; and seeing Robert E. Lee's house in Virginia.
Subject:Civil War; Gunn, Thomas Butler; Journalism; Marches (U.S. Army); Marriage; Medical care (U.S. Army); Military; Military camp life; Peninsular Campaign (Va.); Prisoners of war (Confederate); Siege of Yorktown (Va.); Slavery; Slaves; Travel; Women
Coverage (City/State):New York, New York; Washington, District of Columbia; Alexandria, Virginia; Hampton, Virginia; Yorktown, Virginia; Williamsburg, Virginia
Note:Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Post. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903. The collection includes twenty-one volumes of his diaries, including newspaper clippings, letters, photographs, sketches, and various other items inserted by Gunn. Diary entries date from July 7, 1849, to April 7, 1863, and include his experiences with the New York publishing and literary world, his descriptions of boarding houses, his travels throughout the United States, and his experiences traveling with the Federal army as a Civil War correspondent.
Publisher:Missouri History Museum
Rights:Copyright 2010 Missouri History Museum.
Source:Page images, transcriptions, and metadata of the Thomas Butler Gunn diaries have been provided by the Missouri History Museum.